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 会馆研究: 革命者荟萃之处——云南会馆

革命者荟萃之处——云南会馆






作者:王克昌


菜市口北,校场头条路西七号是云南会馆旧址,现在已成为居民大院,当年这里是无产阶级革命家荟萃之地。许多烈士,革命家在这里留下珍贵的足迹,他们为发展革命组织,推翻旧政权建立新中国辛苦工作着。这里应该成为重点文物保护单位,使之成对青少年进行革命传统教育的好课堂。

革命者荟萃之处——云南会馆
王 爽
菜市口北,校场头条路西七号是云南会馆旧址,现在已成为居民大院,当年这里是无产阶级革命家荟萃之地。许多烈士,革命家在这里留下珍贵的足迹,他们为发展革命组织,推翻旧政权建立新中国辛苦工作着。这里应该成为重点文物保护单位,使之成对青少年进行革命传统教育的好课堂。
先说说《中华人民共和国国歌》作曲者聂耳吧。他从1932年8月11日首次来北京,一直住在这里,到11月7日长达三个月。这里,他经常接触北平左翼作家联盟负责人,他与负责人之一陆万美(1910——1983)同住会馆。他还加入“北平剧协”,积极参与左翼戏剧的活动。他与王旦东,李元庆等努力筹备北平乐联。十月份成立后,他还参加东北抗日义勇军募捐演出。1932年10月28日他在清华大学礼堂参加演出时,用小提琴演奏《国际歌》受到大家欢迎。接着演出《SOS》,《1932年月光曲》、《乱钟》等。11月5日北平剧联在法商学院演出,聂耳参加音乐伴奏。演出《血衣》时因缺少角色,聂耳临时上台,演出很成功。演出成功的背后是他刻苦学习和认真的工作。由于会馆蚊子多,蚊子咬他脖子,两手“每天至少有十个新伤痕在手上,颈子上”。在这样恶劣条件下他长时间工作着。一次,他在会馆里连续工作八小时,9月25日他在日记这样写:“到北平来算是第一次拉了这么长的时侯,自上午八点钟拉到下午四点钟”。9月26日写:“双弦太苦了我,手指都痛了”。他得到一本新书就认真地读着,日记写道:“在洋车上看新书,车到门口都不知道,跑过了一大截”。这期间,他几次到天桥了解民间文化生活,体验民间艺人的辛酸生活和高超的技艺。他说:“这儿是一个低级社会的缩影,什么卖艺的、唱戏的、变把戏的、无奇不有”。艺人们在呐喊,在呼唤人间的平等和光明!这为他后来创作《义勇军进行曲》奠定了感情基础。云南会馆里开设小型图书馆和乒乓球室,聂耳在紧张工作之余经常打乒乓球。他在地下党组织的培养下主动参加党的戏剧工作,并表示为无产阶级而奋斗。离京不久他光荣地参加中国共产党。
云南会馆是云南共产党组织创建过程中最早的基地。1925年秋天成立的《新滇社》就是在该馆建立的进步青年组织,它是党的外围组织,许多社员加入中国共产党。该社之刊物是《铁花》,铁花常常在会馆里盛开着。该社原称“云南革新社”,共产党员范士融是革新社的负责人。三·一八惨案中,北师大学生自治会负责人范士融在铁狮子胡同英勇牺牲。跟范士融一起在反帝反封斗争中流尽最后一滴血的还有姚宗贤烈士,他生前也在会馆从事秘密工作。姚是新滇社骨干,在他影响下,经他介绍加入党组织的有张炽烈士。姚牺牲后,艺专师生于3月23日举行追悼会,又在会馆里修建纪念碑。(文革中碑毁不知去向,但碑座仍在)新滇社另一位负责人王复生经常组织大家学习马列主义理论,讨论时局,研究社务,积极组织三·一八大游行;他用战笔声讨段祺瑞政府镇压群众的罪行,不幸的是他于1936年8月15日在齐齐哈尔北校场刑场上,牺牲在日寇的屠刀下。曾任中共云南省委第一任书记的王德三是新滇社另一位发起人。负责出版《铁花》,经邓中夏介绍1922年入党,从事马列主义宣传工作,他光荣地出席在苏联召开的党的六大;1930年12月31日被国民党反动派杀害,年仅32岁。生前,他经常参加会馆里举行的各种集会,引导青年走向革命的道路。
云南会馆,革命者的摇篮,地下党员秘密活动场所,烈士生前灌输革命思想的课堂!许多革命者告别云南会馆,汇入中国革命的洪流中,冲锋陷阵,前赴后继,为创建新中国立下汗马功劳,在建国史上留下他们珍贵的业绩!


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贴出者为 Anonymous    贴出时间为 2007-02-25 13:03:09
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