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 会馆文化: 绛州澄泥砚与蔺氏父子

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绛州澄泥砚与蔺氏父子
                     作者:张延寿
    澄泥砚是用细河泥为材料制成的陶砚,始创于西汉,是中国砚的开山鼻祖。唐时,澄泥砚因质地松散、多沙砾、易损笔毫、吸水性强等缺点,逐渐被后起的石砚所取代。而绛州澄泥砚因发墨快、质坚细腻、坚而不燥、腻而不滑、色如碧玉、抚如童肌、贮水不涸、历寒不冰、性温绵润、不伤笔毫等多种优点,非但未被石砚排挤出市场,反而先声夺人、艺冠群芳,成为中国名砚之一,其与歙砚、洮砚、端砚三大石砚并列榜首。
    绛州澄泥砚之所以能有如此强大的生命力,主要是其制作工艺与众不同。据史料记载:绛州澄泥砚取汾水之泥,去砂砾,而后缝于绢袋中,置于河水中冲洗达数年之久,再制坯烧成。宋代有位吕道人,其烧制的澄泥砚更加炉火纯青,其硬可试金,软可宜墨,清乾隆皇帝奉为至宝,并题铭道:“抚如石,呵生津,黄其色。”
绛州澄泥砚的制作工艺因吕道人思想保守不肯外传,而竟至失传。为了弘扬祖国传统的澄泥砚制作工艺,弥补中国古砚之缺环。1986年,山西绛县博物馆馆长蔺永茂与其子蔺涛亲自承担起这一科研项目,他们首先在古籍堆中寻找有关的史料,继之学习烧窑技术,父子俩历经坎坷,几经复辙;1991年8月,蔺氏父子研制的绛州澄泥砚终于问世了。当几十方造型古朴,色彩绚丽的澄泥砚展现在专家面前时,观者无不拍案称绝。蔺永茂父子攻克的不仅仅是一块澄泥砚,而是使中国传统陶砚工艺技术重放异彩,为祖国的文化宝库增添了新的生命力。


 (作者:山西新锋县博物馆书法家,本文刊于临川大文化协会会刊《东方龙》1997年总第10期)


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贴出者为 Anonymous    贴出时间为 2007-04-24 16:07:01
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相关报道-- 会馆文化:
· 桃花潭畔群英会--作者:汤锦程
· 北京的会馆 · 绛州澄泥砚与蔺氏父子 · 关于在模式口开发中引入会馆文化建设的思考 · 杨州朝圣 · 会馆是民族文化融合的象征 · 客家文化与《扶风会馆》--作者:汤锦程
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