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 会馆民俗: 《卖盐茶》舞的由来



                                                      《卖盐茶》舞的由来 

作者:张才福、唐志良
 


《卖盐茶》是上海浦东地区十分盛行的传统民间舞蹈,为群众所喜闻乐见,系东方民间文化艺术园中江南独具特色的一枝绚丽花朵。 
《卖盐茶》源出浦东新场一带,据旧志籍记载:一千五百年前,这里已是滨临东海的滩涂,盛产丹顶绿足白鹤,故有村落名“鹤巢村”。村民煮海作盐以谋生计,东晋时人张季鹰墓在新场鹤坡。旧志还称“新场镇(古名“石笋里”)为浦东设城之最古者。”宋建炎年间(公元1127年),两浙都转盐运司署设于此,逐“人文蔚起”、“歌楼酒肆贾炫繁华,盐赋为两浙之最。” 
其时,浦东属长人乡下乡,盐场灶围星罗棋布,而经营盐业须备官衙立州,谓经销“官盐”不得私售。相传,当时盐霸勾通官府,垄断盐业,压榨盐民,盐民终年劳累,却不得温饱,为生活所迫,不得不偷偷将盐挑出盐灶,串村去巷地兜卖“私盐”,为避入耳目、躲衙役搜缉,在盐篮上面用杂物遮布相掩,挑着担子装作“走亲戚”模佯,串门走户到处贩售,赚些铜钿寥补家用。民间文艺源于民间生活,舞蹈《卖盐茶》由此产生,是前人根据盐场民间生活素材,经过艺术概括来描绘盐民挑篮卖私盐的形景。 
《卖盐茶》舞曲寄“杨柳青”调为主,随兴而唱,可长可短,咿呀动听。昔时常在庙会期间出现,解放后则在群众性庆祝活动或文艺会演中表演,有时在地方商品交易会时演出助兴。初时,表演者为男扮女装,单个或二、三个人表演,形式不拘。解放后,经过不断地艺术再加工,改由年轻女子表演,穿着艳丽的服装,肩挑细巧的花篮,七、八个以上表演者编队列阵,轻歌曼舞,穿插变形,阿娜多姿,给人们以美的享受,形成了如今样式的花篮舞。 


(作者:上海市南汇县新场镇文化站) 
本文发表于《东方龙》1989年11月第四期


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贴出者为 Anonymous    贴出时间为 2008-06-13 09:18:45
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