欢迎莅临参观! 欢迎【 免费注册为新会员 】 一般访客请将鼠标指针移动到〔主要选单〕即可显示下拉式选单,点选您要参观之选项,即可进入本站参观!会员请先登入。  
 帐 号  密 码
 
欢迎参观 中国会馆
站内搜寻
登入 | 注册 首页会馆新闻资料下载会馆文化会馆之家会馆政务会馆图片排行榜

当前位置: 首 页 >> 会馆新闻 >> 会馆文化

 会馆文化: 抚州民间风俗文化



抚州民间风俗文化
 
来源http://wenku.baidu.com/view/4d1e130c79563c1ec5da71a9.html

抚州节日
 
抚州全市各地的传统节日大同小异。主要有春节、元宵、清明、端午、中秋、重阳、冬至、小年、除夕(即“大年”)。其中以除夕、春节最为隆重。 农历12月24日(有的地方25日)为“小年”,12月30日(小月为29日)为“大年”。亲人纷纷回家团聚。门首贴春联,屋内贴年画,张灯结彩。燃香烛、鸣鞭爆、烧年纸、祭祖先,全家聚宴,谓之“团年”。当晚给小孩包“压岁钱”,全家围着火盆吃茶点、话丰年,曰“守岁”。夜深鸣爆竹关大门,叫“关财门”。正月初一为“春节”,天未亮即鸣爆竹开大门,称“开财门”。接着燃烛、烧纸、敬天地、拜四方,叫“出行”。随后亲友互相拜年,互约酒会。夜晚有灯彩、看戏、看电视、放焰火等娱乐活动。到正月十五日“元宵”灯彩盛会,吃“元宵丸”(糖心糯米团)。“清明”有祭祀、扫墓、春游、踏青之习。“端午”(五月初五)家家门上悬菖蒲、艾叶,屋内洒雄黄酒,食糯米棕子、包子、糕点、蛋等,小孩吊“香袋”,染红指曱。沿河集镇赛龙船。8月15日为中秋节,全家团聚共赏明月,食月饼和糕点。9月9日为“重阳”,素有食米酒和封缸酒之风,还有放风筝之习。崇仁县相山、港下、山斜等山区群众还兴下元节(10月15日),又称“10月半”,燃香烛、鸣鞭炮、吃米糍、摆酒宴,以示欢庆丰收。一些地方还有“冬至大于年”之说,如资溪县视冬至这天为上祠祭祖之日现此习渐弃。 新中国成立后,以公历纪年,增添了新的节日,以“元旦”、“五·一”、“国庆”等节日庆祝活动最为隆重。
 
抚州婚嫁
 
旧时男婚女嫁全凭媒妁说合,父母包办。经过“换庚贴”、“合八字”、“看人家”、议聘礼,“定事”(订婚)、“纳采”(过彩礼)后,再择“吉日”为婚期。婚日,男家备花轿到女家迎娶。新娘梳妆后哭别家人,由舅父或大哥背出门穿鞋上轿,一路上鼓乐喧天,鞭炮齐鸣。花轿抬至新郞家厅堂正中,由“牵娘”扶新娘下轿,主婚人主持仪式,四拜(一拜天地,二拜祖宗,三拜父母,夫妻对拜)之后引入“洞房”,新人饮“合卺酒”或吃“同心饭”。夜晚“闹洞房”。婚日,女主设“嫁女酒”,男方备“迎娶酒”,新郎新娘给客人斟酒、敬酒。宜黄县女家摆酒两日,头一天为“起嫁酒”,婚日为“正席”。男家婚宴为三天,头天为“暖房酒”,婚日为“正席”(新娘进门后举行),后一日称“陪席”,规格比“正席”更高。婚后第三天,新郎新娘携礼双双同往女家,俗称“返步”(回门)。最后,新婚夫妇上媒妁家谢媒。新中国成立后,男女青年多自由恋爱,文明结婚,少拘彩礼,婚仪从简。近几年来,旅游结婚、集体婚礼等渐兴。但有些地方旧习抬头,彩礼繁多,婚宴铺张,费用日高。
 
抚州寿庆
 
“满月”、“周岁”,宴请亲友。乐安县男孩満15岁为满丁之年,亦需宴请。青壮年一般不行寿庆,有“三十没人晓,四十无人知,五十吃只鸡,六十来贺喜”之说。六十寿诞,操办寿宴,亲友来多送寿面、寿烛、衣料、红包(现金)等寿礼。金溪、崇仁等县寿宴为两餐,头天为“暖寿酒”,正日为 “拜寿酒”。置寿堂,晚辈为之祝寿。六十岁以后,每十年一庆寿,祝寿规模一次比一次大。

抚州丧葬
 
成年人去世时,点“归山烛”,焚化“纸钱”以送终。将遗体移至堂前,并向亲人报丧。次日小殓(亦有当日,谓之热殓”。入棺前,由孝子“买水”(汲河水)给死者净身,更换服饰,然后封棺,称“关掩”。再在厅堂中摆设祭品,点“长明灯”,亲人守孝。富宦之家设孝堂,延请和尚、道士念经,做道场。墓地先由风水先生择地。掘穴时长子掘地三下,算是奠基。第三天出殡。旧时富家有的存棺三年始葬。送葬者穿白衣、戴白帽,孝子、媳妇披麻戴苎,长孙抱灵牌,子执“福杖柴”,两面锣、两只喇叭开道,沿途放鞭炮、撒“纸钱”。所过之处,邻居均朝灵柩撒大米,至村口或岔路停棺。送葬者除孝服,从另一条路返回,谓之“转灵”。然后吃送葬酒。宜黄俗,如死者年过八旬,可开怀痛饮,猜拳行令。乐安俗,死者家人给邻居送一碗“百岁饭‘,以示逝者对他们的最后答谢。棺木入穴时,用雄鸡血洒穴内四周,并竖祭文,叫“号诗”。赣抚平原坟墓多掘朝天井式,堆土成丘。乐安等山丘为洞穴式。崇仁许坊还有岩葬之俗。人死后七天为 “头七”,每隔七天都于灵前焚化“纸钱”祭奠。七七四十九天为“満七”,拆灵堂,移灵牌于厅侧。周年忌日,给死者“上堂”,初丧期的祭奠活动结束。 新中国成立后,丧俗从简。多以追悼会的形式寄托哀思。1980年后,抚州、临川县城等地多实行火葬。 礼仪 旧时讲究辈份大小、长幼有别的规矩。同家族按辈份大小排序,有“幼童公公,白发孙子”的现象。长辈在场,晚辈只能侍立,不得落坐。嫁娶仪典,舅舅是亲朋中最尊者,俗称“天上雷公,地下母舅”,必坐首席。新媳妇或小孩第一次上门作客,要鸣爆迎接,送回时赠送钱物。亲友逢灾遇难,要登门探望,并予以援助。节日间,互相赠送礼物以表祝贺。 衣着 衣着款式随时代变化而变化。解放前,男子多为对开布扣襟衫或中山装,女则为大襟衫或对开襟衫,裤脚或宽或窄。以棉布为主,色多为青蓝。解放后,以中山装、夹克、风雨衣、蝙蝠衫、裙类、健身衣为主。现在西服、休闲装等多种款式新颖的男女服装并存。布料质量也更讲究,毛、呢、绸、纱到处可见,面貌一新。

抚州生产习俗
 
在插秧、收割等农忙季节,亲邻好友互相帮工,备酒肉款待。在广昌,对主家特加的猪肚或猪蹄肉,谁先吃即自认为是技艺压众的栽禾师傅,要领先下田栽第一序禾,并要栽得快捷、匀直,起示范和定位作用。 各地都有禁山之习,凡村落后山、水口的林木均严禁砍伐。砍毛竹时间限在清明前、立秋后,砍后竹蔸要穿节,以利储水保养竹根再发新株。冬笋要在谷雨后挖,禁止挖春笋,以保护新竹生长。 其他习俗 小孩周岁生日兴“摸周”,即在桌上放置书、笔、算盘、尺、秤和果品食物,由小孩随手摸,以所摸之物卜测前程。建房造屋,亲友要备礼道贺,并出力“帮工”。主人设“开工酒”、“上梁酒”、“峻工酒”宴请工匠、亲邻。上梁时,泥木工喝彩,同时鸣爆竹、撒米糍。迁新居,主人宴请来贺宾客。端午、中秋、除夕等节日,血亲之间备礼互送,俗称“送节”、“送中秋”、“送年”,以晚辈到长辈家为礼。娶亲是“先请后贺、不请不贺”,其他喜庆是 “先贺后请、不贺不请”。

抚州陋习
 
解放前,若遇天灾人祸、病痛疾苦,人们往往借助求神、测字、求签、卜卦、看相、算命、画符、喊魂、看风水、问花树、耍罗汉法、跳神 (又称“降体”,即“神附体”)、建醮、做道场、祀神牌等迷信活动,以图消灾脱难。迷信活动在农村尤为盛行。多数村庄建有土地庙,每逢年节,村民用香火供奉。解放后,各种迷信活动禁而未绝,但只是少数人。
 
抚州禁忌

旧时,在日常生活中,各地禁忌繁多。送礼忌送钟(讳“终”音);慰问病人忌送梨子(讳“离”音);正月初一忌说不吉利的话,忌扫地、倒垃圾和往屋外泼水;正月初三忌拜年;男人忌在晒有女人衣裤的竹竿下通行;女子出嫁忌回头观看,忌碰着大门;结婚新房忌设在后厅,以免过两道门槛;新婚忌寡妇进新房;忌出嫁的女儿在娘家过年。女儿和女婿在娘家不得同宿一床;忌孕妇、男人入产妇房间;建房时忌说“烧”字,忌孕妇跨过梁木。新屋建成须当年筹乔迁,否则须隔三年才能迁入,且每逢大年(春节)都得入内烧香点烛,鸣放爆竹。喜庆节日忌单数和用白纸包裹(用红纸),为成双成对、吉祥之兆。驾船忌说 “沉”、“翻”。撑排(木竹筏)忌说“伞”(避“散”音)。屠夫忌说“舌头”(避“蚀”音),应称为“招财”。如今,年轻人对这种禁忌不甚了解,禁忌渐少。 来源:抚州生活频道http://www.aifz.com.cn">



本文章来自 中国会馆http://huiguan.org.cn

这份报导的永久网址是: http://huiguan.org.cn/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=3496


贴出者为 Anonymous    贴出时间为 2013-07-18 16:09:19
[ 选择新的主题 | 添加文章 | 下一篇文章 | 上一篇文章 ]



相关分类文章相关主题文章
·北京大学五大地域社团联合举办首届''''中部发展论坛''''
·北京大学赣文化交流协会举办中国会馆文化论坛
·一次公开、公平、公正、公信的评选活动纪实
·中国会馆文化贡献者资料
·翟军诗词二首
·办事处、会馆是新闻媒体及通讯社的发源地
·万花筒
·为母亲祝福——母亲节随笔
·会馆文化的前世今生
·临川大文化圈名人''''勤政博学纪大奎''''
·中华第一祠翟氏祭祖大典首祭张公文
·古诗赏析:试析何崇信先生的四首


Coach Outlet Online (分数: 1)
由 django 与 2013-10-10 14:20:31
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
Knowledge Coach Outlet Online [www.coachoutletstoresset.net]elder, Love asked Knowledge, another Coach Factory Outlet [www.coachfactoryoutletnca.com]elder, "Who Helped me?""It was Coach Outlet [www.coachoutletonlinebsa.com]Time," Knowledge answered."Time?" Coach Outlet Online [www.coachoutletstoresset.net]asked Love. "But why did Time help me?" Coach Outlet Store [www.coachfactoryoutleteq.net]smiled with deep wisdom and answered, Coach Outlet Store Online [www.coachfactoryoutletase.com]"Because only Time is capable of Coach Outlet [www.coachoutletonlinebsa.com]understanding how valuable Love is." Coach Factory Online [www.coachfactoryoutletcoti.com]dinner on the way.'The Transatlantic Coach Outlet [www.coachoutletonlinebsa.com]Trends survey found 51 percent of Americans Coach Outlet [www.coachoutletonlinebsa.com]felt Asian countries were more important Coach Factory Outlet [www.coachfactoryoutletnca.com]to them than European Union nations, Coach Outlet [www.coachoutletonlinebsa.com]while only 38 percent thought the Coach Outlet Store [www.coachfactoryoutleteq.net]opposite. The new American focus was Coach Outlet Store Online [www.coachfactoryoutletase.com]prompted by both interest in new Coach Outlet [www.coachoutletonlinebsa.com]business opportunities from Asia's Coach Outlet [www.coachoutletonlinebsa.com]booming economies and fear of growing Coach Outlet [www.coachoutletonlinebsa.com]competition from the Far East, said Michael Kors Outlet Online [www.mmichaelkorsoutletpl.net]analysts. Of course, she wasn't really Michael Handbags Outlet [www.michaelkorsoutletstoreptf.com]my aunt and, out of fear, I never Michael Kors Outlet Store Online [www.michaelkorsoutletpft.com]called her that to her face. I Michael Kors Outlet Stores [www.michaelkorsoutletacs.net]only referred to her as "My Aunt Michael Kors Factory Outlet [www.michaelkorsffactoryoutlett.com] Fannie" because the name always Chanel Outlet Online [www.chaneloutletmobia.net]made my father chuckle and gave my Chanel Purses [www.ukchanelpusesonlines.com]mother cause to look sternly at Chanel Outlet Online [www.chaneloutletmobia.net] as possible.



Re: 抚州民间风俗文化 (分数: 1)
由 yyyyy 与 2015-04-28 11:27:48
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
“The cheap jordans,cheap jordan shoes,cheap jordan,cheap jordans for sale,jordans for cheap,jordan shoes,jordans,air jordan,jordan retro,jordan 11,jordan xx9,jordan 6,new jordans,air jordans,retro jordans,jordan retro 11,jordan 5,air jordan 11,jordans for sale,jordan 4,jordan 1,jordan future,jordan 3,jordan 12,michael jordan shoes,air jordan shoes,air jordan retro [www.cheap-jordans.in.net] landlord of the inn frequently came to see me, and michael kors,sac michael kors,michael kors sac,michael kors pas cher,sac michael kors pas cher,michael kors france [www.sac-michael-kors.fr] indeed, among all the neighbours, I sac michael kors [www.sac-michael-kors.fr] was considered quite a jerseys from china [www.jerseys-fromchina.in.net] hero. My convalescence was pleasant enough, and I set forth to mac makeup [www.mac-makeup.com] pay my respects to Mr weitzman shoes [www.stuart-weitzman.net] Waterton, which mac uk [www.maccosmetics-uk.co.uk] I toms outlet [www.tomsoutlet.com.co] found lebron shoes [www.lebron-11.net] was the name of the gentleman in question. I had previously sent a letter to ferragamo,salvatore ferragamo,ferragamo shoes,ferragamo outlet,salvatore ferragamo outlet,ferragamo belts,ferragamo belt,ferragamo outlet [www.ferragamosale.in.net] him, returning my thanks for his lebron shoes [www.lebron-11.net] kindness, burberry,burberry outlet,burberry outlet online,burberry factory outlet,burberry sale,burberry handbags [www.burberrysale.in.net] and stating the day on which I intended to start, so that on my fitflops [www.fitflopsale.net] arrival new balance shoes [www.newbalance-trainers.co.uk] per coach at Bristol, burberry [www.burberrysale.in.net] I ray ban sunglasses [www.raybanglasses.in.net] found five finger shoes [www.fivefingersshoes.org] a servant with lebron shoes [www.lebron-11.net] a horse and chaise, waiting to toms outlet,tom shoes,toms shoes outlet,tom shoes,toms wedges,cheap toms,toms.com [www.tomsoutlet.com.co] convey Cheap Jordans,Cheap Jordan Shoes,Cheap Air Max,Cheap Free Run Shoes,nike shoes,nike outlet,nike factory,nike store,nike factory outlet,nike outlet store,cheap nike shoes,nike sneakers [www.nike-shoes.in.net] me forward to burberry [www.burberrysale.in.net] my destination.   “I was yoga pants [www.yoga-pants.in.net] most cordially cheap jordans [www.cheap-jordans.in.net] received by michael kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors uk,michael kors,michael kors,michael kors bags [www.michaelkor

阅览本评论的其余部份...



Re: 抚州民间风俗文化 (分数: 1)
由 lizhimin 与 2017-02-14 15:54:52
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
coach outlet [www.coachoutletonline.info] pandora charms sale online [www.pandoracharms.co] hermes bag [www.hermes-bag.co.uk"] timberland uk [www.timberland-boots.org.uk] burberry canada [www.burberryoutlets.ca] nike shoes [www.nike-shoes.org] Hyperdunk 2016 [www.hyperdunk.us] nike store [www.nike-shoes.org] sunglasses hut [www.sunglasseshut.co] louis vuitton factory outlet [www.louis-vuitton-outlet.co] ralph lauren uk [www.ralphlauren-shirts.co.uk] landing gear [www.apph.co.uk] pandora rings [www.pandorarings.net.au] canada goose outlet [www.canadagooseoutlet.us] coach outlet [www.coachoutletonline.info] prada factory outlet online [www.pradaoutletonline.net] pandora charms [www.pandoracharms-uk.co.uk] coach bags [www.coach-outlet.us"] Prada Factory Outlet [www.prada-outlet.us.com] michael kors outlet [www.michaelkorsoutletcity.us] football jerseys [www.football-jerseys.co] timberland boots [www.timberland-boots.org.uk] abercrombie fitch [www.abercrombiefitch.fr] pandora australia [www.pandora.org.au] pandora charms black friday [www.pandora-charms.co] louis vuitton outlet [www.louisvuitton-outlet.org"] michael kors italy [www.michael-kors.it] burberry outlet canada [www.burberryoutlets.ca] Whitton Lodge Chesterfield Derbyshire UK [www.whittonlodge.co.uk] mk outlet [www.mk-bags.us] prada bags outlet [www.pradabagsoutlet.org] michael kors outlet [www.michaelkorsoutletcity.us] Free Run [www.nike-free-run.us] Ralph Lauren Polo [www.ralphlaurenpolo.net.au"] michael kors outlet [www.michaelkorsoutletcity.us] nike com [www.nikecom.us] cheap moncler jacket [www.moncler-jacket.us] michael kors bags [www.michael-kors.net] 阅览本评论的其余部份...



Re: 抚州民间风俗文化 (分数: 1)
由 WQ123 与 2017-07-04 17:19:43
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
baseball jerseys [www.cheapjerseys.us.org], polo ralph lauren outlet [www.polos-outlets.com], mcm handbags [www.mcmhandbags.com.co], oakley sunglasses cheap [www.oakleys-sunglasses.com.co], salvatore ferragamo [www.salvatore-ferragamos.com], levis outlet store [www.levisjeans.com.co], jerseys from china [www.jerseys-store.com], nike free run [www.nikefree5.net], oakley outlet online [www.oakleys-2017.in.net], ralph lauren outlet online [www.polos-ralphlauren.com.co], kanye west shoes [www.air-yeezys.com], suns jerseys [suns.nba-jersey.com], nfl azcardinals [azcardinals.nfljersey.us.com], burberry sale [www.burberry-outlets.org.uk], ralph lauren shirts [www.ralph-laurenpolos.co.uk], burberry outlet online [www.burberrys-outlet.in.net], nfl packers [packers.nfljersey.us.com], asics gel [www.asicsoutlet.net], nike huaraches [www.air-huaracheshoes.co.uk], barbour women jackets [www.barbours.us.com], oakley outlet [www.ok-em.com], christian louboutin [www.christian-louboutinshoes.in.net], ray ban outlet [www.rayban-sunglasses.co], timberland homme [www.timberlandspaschere.fr], coach bags [www.coach-factory.com.co], mbt shoes outlet [www.mbt-outlet.com], red bottoms [www.christianlouboutin-shoes.ca], ralph lauren black friday [ralphlauren.blackofriday.com], kate spade outlet online [www.kate-spades.com.co], swarovski [www.swarovski-online-shop.de], philipp plein clothes [www.philipp-plein.us.com], kevin durant shoeskobe bryant shoes [www.nba-shoes.com], replica watches [www.cheap-watches.in.net], nike.se [www.nike-skors.com.se], michael kors [www.michaelkors-canadaoutlet.ca], burberry outlet online [www.burberrybags.com.co], barbour

阅览本评论的其余部份...


相关的链结
· 更多相关的
· 新闻来源为 Anonymous


相关报道-- :
· 《东方龙》全集汇编完成,将正式出版
· 凤凰——图腾的产生与五彩的寓意 · 福建四座清真寺 · 川滇(滇川)公路为抗战作出巨大贡献 · 抚州商帮 · 北京粤东新馆与革命家 · 清真之国的枪与枪城
文章评分
平均分数: 0
投票: 0

请花一秒钟给这篇文章一个分数:

完美
非常好
好
一般
差

选项

 友善列印格式 友善列印格式




Copyright © 2011 www.huiguan.org.cn
All Rights
Reserved

版权所有:中国会馆网 | 网站简介 | 网站地图 | 联系我们
(浏览本网主页,建议将电脑显示屏的分辨率调为1024*768)


You can syndicate our news using the file backend.php or ultramode.txt

HuiGuan Copyright © 2007 by TT. 本页产生时间: 0.08 秒