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 会馆民俗: 曹州独脚高跷



曹州独脚高跷 

作者:郜效珠
 

独脚高跷又叫“独拐子”,是山东菏泽市(古称曹州)一项独特的民间游乐活动。表演者扮成《西游记》里的孙悟空,腰系一圈铜铃,双腿夹住一根独脚高跷,高跷的下端套一齿状铁圈,比其他高跷高出30公分,是高跷群里的佼佼者。表演者蹦着走,双手还要作各种表演。 
相传,古代时,每当天将降雨之时,便有一种名叫“商羊”的独脚鸟从高山、树林里飞出来,边戏耍边啄食,进行各种蹦跳活动,直到雨降方散。天长日久,人们便用商羊的活动判断下雨的预兆,后来商羊这种鸟没有了,再遇旱时,人们盼雨心切,就扮成商羊曲蜷起一条腿,跳跳蹦蹦,进行求雨活动。这就是被后人称为的“商羊舞”,直到现在每当冬季,鲁西南一带农村儿童还成群结队地曲蜷起一条腿蹦着玩耍。他们边跳边唱:“搁荡搁荡秧秧,就是装个商羊,商羊出来求雨,打得粮食满仓。” 
50年代初,为了庆祝解放,菏泽城内民权街游艺班个个献艺,有个叫“卞寿起”的青年,凭着超人的体力,把商羊舞和高跷揉为一体,创造了独脚高跷这项新的民间艺术活动,备受观众喜爱。1953年曾调济南表演,卞寿起精湛的技艺,给省城观众留下了深刻的印象。近年,随着民族文化的弘扬,独脚高跷仍在菏泽民间广泛流传。 



本文发表于《东方龙》1991年3月总第8期



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贴出者为 Anonymous    贴出时间为 2012-02-10 17:31:38
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