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 会馆民俗: 民间传统春游日的文化现象



                               民间传统春游日的文化现象 

作者:王琨琳
 

云南省的经济文化中心昆明市西郊十公里处,状若睡美人的西山横卧于滇池之畔,林木茂密的山腹座落着大理国相高氏舍别墅为寺。公元132年,铉峰和尚重建的华亭寺,由此盘山蜿蜒而上,太华寺、三清阁连成一势,直至临滇池的峭崖之上,依岩石凿成的龙门绝似仙境,是云南古老文化的瑰宝,中外游客慕名的胜地。 
每年农历三月三日,是传统的西山春游日,民间有“三月三耍西山”的习语。其时满山苍松复苏,浓郁的老枝簇拥着嫩绿的新翠,竹林中千万片细叶把阳光扯成千万点碎琼乱玉,更有一簇簇火红的马樱花燃在其间,实在是大自然给闹市边缘镶嵌的一块朴实珠宝,难怪人们世代相习,踩着这个春的日子群聚于此踏青。 
也许是春日和熙的感应,盘山数里之路和散在于林中、山巅的几处宝殿内,过万的游客喜气四溢、欢歌笑语。人们把这个传统的踏青日作为一次文化的大集会。演出者无人组织,自带行头自打场地;观看者不用买票随心串看,不论作工务农,是老是少,在这里民间文化的纽结把人们紧紧地联成一气。华亭寺土红的山墙内,几户农民浓施粉墨敲梆拉弦,表演自编的花灯小戏。大红大绿的衣饰在此反而显得和谐,浓重的方言在此格外亲切,舞扇扭步、转目甩袖、举手投足均显出正统的云南花灯风味,表演者完全置于忘我的境地,只求一种心怀的直抒。 
大雄宝殿前的绿阴下,几位山区赶来的彝族老大妈若即若离地坐在一起和一群精灵的小伙子在对山歌,一串串动听的歌声甩来扔去,或碰撞或揶揄,引得听众不住地捧腹开怀。歌声都是即兴创作,一意一念随时准确地填进朴实的民曲中,写人状物又无不显出现代的气息,传统和现代自溶于一炉,细细评来,他们之中不乏口头文学家。 
曲栏间,琴师微闭双目,尽情摇弓揉弦,花灯爱好者谁高兴谁就唱,这是一种更散在的演出,几乎随处可见。如果说舞台上经过整理的花灯演唱是阳春白雪,这里的演唱实际上也是阳春白雪。稍留意品味,这里斗胆亮喉的多是民间高手,且占着更强的民间根基。“歌舞升平”、“太平盛世”在这里是一种切贴而自然的显示。文化艺术本产生于民间,情之所至、舞之蹈之,在这民间文化的大汇集中表现得最为生动。这种民众的真情流动中,可以寻出千百年前播种时节开始的仪式,更多地则是显示出现代的民情、现代的完美。民间文化在民间,民间文化的弘扬在民间,民众永远是最杰出的文化创作者。 
1989年岁末 


(作者:云南昆明武警总队医院政委) 


发表于《东方龙》1990年4月第二期(总第6期)


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贴出者为 Anonymous    贴出时间为 2010-01-29 17:14:09
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