欢迎莅临参观! 欢迎【 免费注册为新会员 】 一般访客请将鼠标指针移动到〔主要选单〕即可显示下拉式选单,点选您要参观之选项,即可进入本站参观!会员请先登入。  
 帐 号  密 码
 
欢迎参观 中国会馆
站内搜寻
登入 | 注册 首页会馆新闻资料下载会馆文化会馆之家会馆政务会馆图片排行榜

当前位置: 首 页 >> 会馆新闻 >> 会馆民俗

 会馆民俗: 读《荆楚岁时记》杂谈民俗



读《荆楚岁时记》杂谈民俗 

作者:王乐乐
 

《荆楚岁时记》是我国现今保存最为完整的一部记录古代楚地岁时节令、风物故事的笔记。作者宗懔,南朝梁人(一说北朝周人)。 
古代的荆楚之地,大致在长江中游一带。但楚国的辖地却曾北达河南南部、淮河流域,南有“九嶷苍梧”,直至南海,西至巫山,东抵长江下游,疆土十分广阔,有“楚地千里”之称,这自然为《荆楚岁时记》提供了丰富的民俗素材。书中共记录了三十七条风俗故事,包括自大年初一到除夕,一年当中主要的岁时节令。 
从内容上看,书中所记可分为七大类。一为与历史事件和人物有关的,如五月端阳竞渡,寒食禁火,五月不上屋等;二为讲农事,生产的,如正月十五日卜农事,春分日民侯鸟则入田,四月布谷有声则犁耙上岸,仲夏妇人染练,夏至取菊为灰以止小麦蠹等;三为防病,治病及卫生,如元日下五辛盘,进敷于散,三月初三日食用龙舌料,五月初五日采艾悬门,六月伏日食汤饼,八月十四日以朱水点儿头额和取百草头露洗眼等;四祭祀祖神,如正月十五日祭门户,立春后祭祀社神,腊日祭祀灶神等;五爱情、婚姻和家庭,如七夕夜会,正月初一打粪,扫唤“如愿”,正月十五夜迎紫姑等;六文娱体育及旅游活动,如打球、打秋千、施钩游戏、藏钩游戏、斗鸡游戏、斗百草游戏、重阳登高、上巳曲水流杯、正月士女泛舟、临水宴乐等;七迎新去恶,如正月华胜相遗、剪彩为燕、灭灯烛禳鬼鸟,正月初一爆竹庭前,依次拜贺,桃符更新等等。 
读《荆楚岁时记》,一个显著的特点就是:它保存了一些古代神话传说、民间轶闻以及古代的医药和文体活动等社会情况;实际上,这些正是许多民俗得以流传不绝的真正原因。民俗之所以具有强大的生命力和深远的历史意义,恰恰的由于这些因素在民俗中的存在。 
民俗是一定历史时期人民思想文化的反映。人民的喜怒哀乐,很多都在民俗中反映出来。以第五类与爱情、婚姻和家庭有关的民俗为例,我们就可以清楚地看到这一点。如:杖打粪扫,呼令如愿”这一俗,“又,以钱贯系杖脚,迫以投粪扫上,云令如愿。”翻成白话,就是“(正月初一还有一个风俗:把串起来的钱绑在竹竿的末端,拿在手里围绕粪土转几圈;然后,投打在粪土堆上,说令人如愿以偿。”这个风俗究竟是怎么一回事呢?作者在按语里引《录异记》的故事,说一个叫区明的商人,碰上了洪泽湖里的青洪君。青洪君问区明要什么?区明说;“只求如愿。”没料到如愿是青洪君很喜欢的一个女佣。区明自得了如愿后,果真事事如愿!可谁知这区明是个十分粗暴专横的人。正月初一早晨,如愿迟起了一点,区明便揍了如愿一顿;如愿仓惶之中逃到粪堆里,区明醒悟过来后,用钱杖敲打粪土,口里叫着如愿,但如愿终不出来。我们姑且不论作者引得对不对,是否有根据,但“呼令如愿”这一风俗的本身,确实是人民渴望事事顺心,一切如愿的表现。另外,象立春之日,人们剪彩为燕,戴在头上,并在其上贴上“宜春”两字,就包含着人们赞美春天和祝福春天的美好愿望。 
除神话传说和民间轶闻外,一些民俗里往往融进了许多鬼怪神异的故事。原始初民时期,由于人们的生产、生活、实践受认识的限制,很大程度上同原始宗教连在一起。原始宗教中的图腾崇拜、祖先祭祀,以及其它一些宗教活动仪式,实际上是原始初民生产、生活、文化艺术的组成部分,民俗要反映人们的现实生活、思想感情,自然不能不反映作为原始初民生活一部分的宗教。因此,一些民俗里出现鬼怪神异的故事,就显得十分平常。它同民俗里的神活传说和民间轶闻一样,也是人们生活、思想的反映。只不过,这种反映更间接,它离生活真实的距离较之神话传说和民间轶闻要更远些罢了。 
书中还有一部分民俗,实际上是对古代医药和文体活动等社会情况的真实记录。这是我们研究古代社会极难得的资料。《荆楚岁时记》中相当一部分民俗今天都已消失,尽管如此,但它还是一部有价值的著作,希望有更多的人来了解它、研究它。 



(作者:中国纪检监察报编辑) 



发表于《东方龙》1995年总第九期


本文章来自 中国会馆http://huiguan.org.cn

这份报导的永久网址是: http://huiguan.org.cn/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=1799


贴出者为 Anonymous    贴出时间为 2009-09-03 00:46:23
[ 选择新的主题 | 添加文章 | 下一篇文章 | 上一篇文章 ]



相关分类文章相关主题文章
·闽西南客家人生活中的忌讳
·“五马巡城”民间
·惊服内外的民间艺术——河津转灯
·福州城郊立春史话
·考察未婚夫
·傣家竹楼
·闽西南客家人生活中的忌讳
·“五马巡城”民间
·惊服内外的民间艺术——河津转灯
·办事处的历史、文化及发展
·''''我与文化遗产保护''''征文评选揭晓
·南北流(二)


Re: 读《荆楚岁时记》杂谈民俗 (分数: 1)
由 yyyyy 与 2015-04-28 11:34:11
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
“The cheap jordans,cheap jordan shoes,cheap jordan,cheap jordans for sale,jordans for cheap,jordan shoes,jordans,air jordan,jordan retro,jordan 11,jordan xx9,jordan 6,new jordans,air jordans,retro jordans,jordan retro 11,jordan 5,air jordan 11,jordans for sale,jordan 4,jordan 1,jordan future,jordan 3,jordan 12,michael jordan shoes,air jordan shoes,air jordan retro [www.cheap-jordans.in.net] landlord of the inn frequently came to see me, and michael kors,sac michael kors,michael kors sac,michael kors pas cher,sac michael kors pas cher,michael kors france [www.sac-michael-kors.fr] indeed, among all the neighbours, I sac michael kors [www.sac-michael-kors.fr] was considered quite a jerseys from china [www.jerseys-fromchina.in.net] hero. My convalescence was pleasant enough, and I set forth to mac makeup [www.mac-makeup.com] pay my respects to Mr weitzman shoes [www.stuart-weitzman.net] Waterton, which mac uk [www.maccosmetics-uk.co.uk] I toms outlet [www.tomsoutlet.com.co] found lebron shoes [www.lebron-11.net] was the name of the gentleman in question. I had previously sent a letter to ferragamo,salvatore ferragamo,ferragamo shoes,ferragamo outlet,salvatore ferragamo outlet,ferragamo belts,ferragamo belt,ferragamo outlet [www.ferragamosale.in.net] him, returning my thanks for his lebron shoes [www.lebron-11.net] kindness, burberry,burberry outlet,burberry outlet online,burberry factory outlet,burberry sale,burberry handbags [www.burberrysale.in.net] and stating the day on which I intended to start, so that on my fitflops [www.fitflopsale.net] arrival new balance shoes [www.newbalance-trainers.co.uk] per coach at Bristol, burberry [www.burberrysale.in.net] I ray ban sunglasses [www.raybanglasses.in.net] found five finger shoes [www.fivefingersshoes.org] a servant with lebron shoes [www.lebron-11.net] a horse and chaise, waiting to toms outlet,tom shoes,toms shoes outlet,tom shoes,toms wedges,cheap toms,toms.com [www.tomsoutlet.com.co] convey Cheap Jordans,Cheap Jordan Shoes,Cheap Air Max,Cheap Free Run Shoes,nike shoes,nike outlet,nike factory,nike store,nike factory outlet,nike outlet store,cheap nike shoes,nike sneakers [www.nike-shoes.in.net] me forward to burberry [www.burberrysale.in.net] my destination.   “I was yoga pants [www.yoga-pants.in.net] most cordially cheap jordans [www.cheap-jordans.in.net] received by michael kors outlet,michael kors handbags,michael kors uk,michael kors,michael kors,michael kors bags [www.michaelkor

阅览本评论的其余部份...



Re: 读《荆楚岁时记》杂谈民俗 (分数: 1)
wty123 (18650393349@163.com) 与 2016-04-27 11:02:45
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
clump of red rhododendron as rolex watch [www.rolexwatchesforsale.us.com] the background jordan release dates 2015 [www.jordanrelease-dates.us.com] to nike schoenen [www.nike-schoenen.co.nl] a prada outlet [www.prada-shoes.com.co] self-timer, oakley sunglasses [www.cheap-oakleyglasses.us.com] it seems oakley [www.oakley--sunglasses.com.au] that giuseppe shoes [www.giuseppezanotti.com.co] the michael kors outlet online [www.michaelkors.so] only way gucci belts [www.guccishoes.in.net] to write a lululemon canada [www.yogapantscanada.ca] " northface [northfaceoutlet.co-om.com] human face hilfiger online shop [www.tommy-hilfiger.com.de] matched red azalea hollister clothing store [www.hollister-clothing.in.net] "legend! levis jeans [www.levisjeans.com.co] However, free running [www.nikefree5.net] they puma outlet [www.pumashoes.in.net] do ugg [www.cheapuggboots.us.com] not know nike free 5.0 [www.nikefree-run.net] that ray bans [www.ray-ban-outlet.us.com] this adidas online [www.adidasshoes.top] beautiful clump air max shoes [airmax.misblackfriday.com] of azaleas, nike air max [www.nikeair-max.es] is ralph lauren outlet [www.ralphs-lauren.co.uk] experienced many christian louboutin [www.christianlouboutin.org.uk] hardships and gucci shoes outlet [www.guccioutlet-sale.in.net] suffering, but timberland shoes [www.timberlandbootsoutlet.us.com] also portland trail blazers jersey [trailblazers.nbajersey.us.com] endured much ridicule and long champ [www.longchamp-bags.us.com] loneliness, nike roshe [www.nikerosherun.us] before jimmy choo outlet [www.jimmy-chooshoes.com] the bloom of life oakley sunglasses [www.cheap-oakleyglasses.us.com] was michael kors outlet [www.mk-outlet.us.com] so omega watches [www.replicarolex-watches.us.com] warm, kate spade handbags [www.kate-spade.gb.net] A <

阅览本评论的其余部份...



Re: 读《荆楚岁时记》杂谈民俗 (分数: 1)
由 king 与 2016-06-28 14:15:11
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
lululemon [www.lululemon-canada.ca], canada goose outlet [www.canadagoosejackets.us.com], ray ban sunglasses [www.rayban-sunglasses.in.net], michael kors handbags [www.michaelkorshandbags-uk.org.uk], jordan pas cher [www.airjordanpas-cher.fr], ugg boots clearance [www.uggs-outlet.in.net], coach handbags [www.coachpurse.in.net], burberry outlet [www.burberryoutlet-store.us.com], louis vuitton [www.louisvuitton-sac.fr], cheap ugg boots outlet [www.cheap-uggs.in.net], moncler pas cher [www.doudoune-monclerpascher.fr], hogan outlet [www.scarpehogan--outlet.it], nike free run [www.nike-free-run.org.uk], swarovski crystal [www.swarovskijewelry.us.com], moncler sito ufficiale [www.moncler--outlet.it], ray ban outlet [www.ray-ban-sunglasses.in.net], longchamp bags [www.longchamphandbagsoutlet.us.com], louboutin [www.christianlouboutin-outlet.in.net], canada goose jackets [www.canada-goose-outlet.org], canada goose outlet [www.canadagoose.net.co], vans scarpe [www.vans-scarpe.it], michael kors purses [www.michaelkors-handbags.in.net], louboutin shoes [www.christian-louboutin-shoes.in.net], michael kors outlet canada [www.michaelkors-outlet-canada.ca], coach outlet online [www.coachoutlet-online.in.net], air max [www.nike--airmax.co.uk], vanessa bruno pas cher [www.sac-vanessa-bruno.fr], lancel [www.saclancelpascher.fr], michael kors [www.michaelkorshandbags-uk.org.uk], oakley outlet [www.oakleysunglassesoutlet.us.org], nike air max uk [www.nike--airmax.co.uk], vanessa bruno [www.sac-vanessa-bruno.fr], uggs [www.bottesugg-pas-cher.fr], beats headphones [www.beatsbydrdreheadphones.in.net], moncler uk [www.moncler.org.uk], 阅览本评论的其余部份...



Re: 读《荆楚岁时记》杂谈民俗 (分数: 1)
由 WQ123 与 2016-09-05 16:23:25
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
true religion jeans women [www.truereligion-outlet.us.org], the north face outlet [www.tnf-jackets.us.com], north face [www.thenorth-face.ca], prada handbags [www.pradahandbags.net.co], longchamp handbags [www.longchamphandbagsoutlet.net], nike outlet [www.nike-factorys.us], gucci outlet [www.gucci-shoesoutlet.net], uggs outlet [www.uggs-store.com], chanel purses [www.coco-chanels.us.org], burberry handbags [www.burberry-outlet.uk], swarovski online [www.swarovski-online-shop.de], thomas sabo uk [www.cheapthomassabos.co.uk], mcm bags [www.mcm-bags.us.org], oakley vault [www.oakleyonline.us.com], timberland shoes [www.timberlandbootsoutlet.us.com], salvatore ferragamo [www.salvatoreferragamo.in.net], longchamp handbags [www.longchamphandbagsoutlet.net], nba jerseys [www.nba-jersey.us.com], bcbg max [www.bcbg-dresses.com], uggs on sale [uggboots.misblackfriday.com], boston celtics jerseys [celtics.nba-jersey.us.com], air max [www.nikeair-max.es], toms outlet [www.toms--outlet.com.co], huarache [www.nike-huarache.nl], polo ralph [www.ralphlaurenpolos.in.net], ray ban sunglasses [rayban.blackfridays.us.com], tory burch sale [www.tory-burchoutlet.net], jordans for sale [www.jordanrelease-dates.us.com], washington wizards jerseys [wizards.nba-jersey.us.com], gucci handbags [www.guccishoes.com.co], coach purses outlet online [www.coachoutletstore-online.com.co], new balance [www.newbalance.com.es], rolex [www.horloges-rolex.nl], basketball shoes [www.basketballshoes.com.co], thomas sabo [www.thomas-sabo.com.de], adidas [www.adidas-superstar.de], replica watches [www.rolex-watches.cc], 阅览本评论的其余部份...



Re: 读《荆楚岁时记》杂谈民俗 (分数: 1)
由 lizhimin 与 2017-02-14 15:54:56
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
coach outlet [www.coachoutletonline.info] pandora charms sale online [www.pandoracharms.co] hermes bag [www.hermes-bag.co.uk"] timberland uk [www.timberland-boots.org.uk] burberry canada [www.burberryoutlets.ca] nike shoes [www.nike-shoes.org] Hyperdunk 2016 [www.hyperdunk.us] nike store [www.nike-shoes.org] sunglasses hut [www.sunglasseshut.co] louis vuitton factory outlet [www.louis-vuitton-outlet.co] ralph lauren uk [www.ralphlauren-shirts.co.uk] landing gear [www.apph.co.uk] pandora rings [www.pandorarings.net.au] canada goose outlet [www.canadagooseoutlet.us] coach outlet [www.coachoutletonline.info] prada factory outlet online [www.pradaoutletonline.net] pandora charms [www.pandoracharms-uk.co.uk] coach bags [www.coach-outlet.us"] Prada Factory Outlet [www.prada-outlet.us.com] michael kors outlet [www.michaelkorsoutletcity.us] football jerseys [www.football-jerseys.co] timberland boots [www.timberland-boots.org.uk] abercrombie fitch [www.abercrombiefitch.fr] pandora australia [www.pandora.org.au] pandora charms black friday [www.pandora-charms.co] louis vuitton outlet [www.louisvuitton-outlet.org"] michael kors italy [www.michael-kors.it] burberry outlet canada [www.burberryoutlets.ca] Whitton Lodge Chesterfield Derbyshire UK [www.whittonlodge.co.uk] mk outlet [www.mk-bags.us] prada bags outlet [www.pradabagsoutlet.org] michael kors outlet [www.michaelkorsoutletcity.us] Free Run [www.nike-free-run.us] Ralph Lauren Polo [www.ralphlaurenpolo.net.au"] michael kors outlet [www.michaelkorsoutletcity.us] nike com [www.nikecom.us] cheap moncler jacket [www.moncler-jacket.us] michael kors bags [www.michael-kors.net] 阅览本评论的其余部份...



meadc (分数: 1)
meadc (971790303@qq.com) 与 2017-03-03 16:25:29
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
air jordan shoes [www.air-jordan-shoes.us"] pandora necklace charms [www.pandoranecklace.us] chanel bag [www.chanel.net.au] michael kors purses on sale [www.michaelkorspurses.us] burberry outlet online [www.burberryoutletonline.net] michael kors uk [www.michael-kors.uk"] pandora charms [www.pandoracharms.co] moncler outlet [www.moncler-outlet.co] michael kors bags outlet [www.michaelkorsbags.co] prada factory outlet online [www.pradaoutletonline.net] coach bags [www.coach-outlet.us"] ray-ban sunglasses [www.ray-ban-sunglasses.co.uk"] ray ban prescription glasses [www.raybanprescriptionglasses.us] coach outlet [www.coach--outlet.net] louboutin shoes [www.louboutinshoes-uk.co.uk"] abercrombie outlet [www.abercrombieandfitchoutlet.net] nike free run [www.nikecom.us] pandora australia [www.pandorarings.net.au] Hugo Boss Store [www.hugo-boss.us] nike shoes [www.nike-shoes.net.au] Yeezy Boost 350 [www.yeezyboost350.us.org] yeezy boost 350 [www.yeezyboost-350.co] coach outlet online [www.coach-outlet-online.org] michael kors outlet bags [www.michaelkorsoutletbags.us] pandora rings sale [www.pandora-rings.us] nike huarache [www.nikehuarache.co] michael kors outlet [www.michael-kors.net] nike store [www.nike-shoes.org] Coach Outlet [www.coach-outlet.cc] pandora jewelry [www.pandora.org.au] Abercrombie Fitch [www.abercrombiefitch.nl] ugg slippers [www.ugg-slippers.co.uk] oakley sunglasses [www.oakley-sunglasses.net.au"] coach outlet [www.coach--outlet.net] kate spade [www.katespadeoutlet.ca] paul smith uk [www.paulsmith.org.uk] pandora charms [www.pandoracharms.co] prada outlet [www.pradaoutletonline.us] mlb.com [www.mlb-shop.net]阅览本评论的其余部份...



Re: 读《荆楚岁时记》杂谈民俗 (分数: 1)
由 lizhimin 与 2017-05-11 14:15:52
(使用者资讯 | 寄出讯息)
china wholesale [www.joebuy.com] abercrombie outlet us [www.abercrombieoutlet.us] kate spade outlet online [www.katespadeoutlet.com.co] polo outlet online [www.polo-outlet.co.uk] coach outlet [www.coach-factory-outlet.net] Oakley Holbrook sunglasses [www.oakleyholbrook.us] pandora rings [www.pandora-rings.com] nfl shop [www.nfl-shop.co] veronique billat [www.ubiae.fr] ray ban outlet [www.ray-ban-outlet.us"] paul smith uk [www.paulsmith.org.uk] shoes online [www.shoes-online.us] coach diaper bag [www.coach--bags.us] burberry [www.burberry.org.au"] prada outlet online [www.pradaoutlet.cc] bercrombie Nederland [www.abercrombiefitch.nl] coach handbags [www.coach-handbags.us"] prada outlet online [www.pradaoutlet.cc] ugg australia [www.ugg.org.au"] burberry australia [www.burberryaustralia.net.au"] burberry outlet [www.burberryoutlets.ca] michael kors australia [www.michael-kors.com.au"] oakley australia [www.oakley-australia.com.au"] pandora bracelet [www.pandora-bracelet-charms.us"] oakley frogskins [www.oakleyfrogskins.us] burberry outlet [www.burberryoutlets.ca] moncler jacket mens [www.moncler-jacket.co.uk] Basketball shoes [www.basketballshoes.in.net] pandora bracelet [www.pandora-bracelet-charms.us"] abercrombie fitch [www.abercrombiefitch.fr] ray ban eyeglasses [www.rayban-eyeglasses.us] prada bags [www.pradabagsoutlet.org] michael kors outlet [www.michael-kors--outlet.com] nike store [www.nike-shoes.org] coach outlet [www.coach-factory-outlet.net] abercrombie and fitch [www.abercrombieandfitchoutlet.net] timberland boots [www.timberland-boots.org.uk] chrome store [www.chrome-store.co.uk] nike outlet [www.nikeoutlet.net]阅览本评论的其余部份...


相关的链结
· 更多相关的
· 新闻来源为 Anonymous


相关报道-- :
· 《东方龙》全集汇编完成,将正式出版
· 凤凰——图腾的产生与五彩的寓意 · 福建四座清真寺 · 川滇(滇川)公路为抗战作出巨大贡献 · 抚州商帮 · 北京粤东新馆与革命家 · 清真之国的枪与枪城
文章评分
平均分数: 0
投票: 0

请花一秒钟给这篇文章一个分数:

完美
非常好
好
一般
差

选项

 友善列印格式 友善列印格式




Copyright © 2011 www.huiguan.org.cn
All Rights
Reserved

版权所有:中国会馆网 | 网站简介 | 网站地图 | 联系我们
(浏览本网主页,建议将电脑显示屏的分辨率调为1024*768)


You can syndicate our news using the file backend.php or ultramode.txt

HuiGuan Copyright © 2007 by TT. 本页产生时间: 0.15 秒