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 会馆民俗: 闽西南客家人生活中的忌讳



                                                         闽西南客家人生活中的忌讳 

作者:苏林辑
 

闽西南客家人是汉民族的一个支系,但在长期的生活中却形成自己的忌讳习俗。 
客家人以团结著称,几个人一道撑雨伞出门,不能直呼“伞”(客家方言‘伞’与‘散’谐音),故称“雨伞”为“雨遮”;蛋在客家方言中读音与“乱”相近,他们改称“蛋”为“春”,将鸡蛋、鸭蛋等称为“鸡春”、“鸭春”。由于方言谐音,他们对自然数中的一、四、七、八、十有忌讳,认为一孤单无二;四与死音同不吉利;七上八下喻事情不顺;说七道八喻说坏话;十有复杂之意。因而,他们认为二是双数吉祥;三与生、六与留、九与久在方言中音同,是吉利数,生活中较偏爱喜用。 
客家人产妇的房间是神圣的地方,忌旁人闯入,怕冲掉喜气;也忌讳人们打听婴儿性别,因婴儿未“弥月”、“满月”,不容别人对婴儿议论;若有人不识此俗,在产妇月子里问婴儿性别,主人往往秘而不答。等到婴儿满月这一天,主人则办一席丰盛酒肴,请婴儿的外公或舅公坐上席,为婴儿唱好话“食菜,吉利来。”、“食猪肝,做大官”等,俗称“开斋”。此时,方可向邻里亲朋公开婴儿是男是女。对于死,忌讳则更多,若有谁家老人去世,主人也忌多声扬,只是默默地料理后事,等别人先问后才告知,俗称“报喜不报死。”他们不直呼“死”,而改称“过世”、“去了”、“过身”或“百岁”等。 


本文发表于《东方龙》1991年3月总第8期


本文章来自 中国会馆http://huiguan.org.cn

这份报导的永久网址是: http://huiguan.org.cn/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=1797


贴出者为 Anonymous    贴出时间为 2009-09-03 00:38:33
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