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 会馆文化: 会馆的本籍形式

会馆知识   



会馆的本籍形式

作者:汤锦程


会馆形式一般被认为只有外省团体在异地所建的会馆形式,本籍人是不会在本籍建会馆的。其实不然,本籍人不但在府郡建有县级会馆,而且还在县城建有乡级会馆、村级会馆、同宗会馆。据广西《武宣县志》记载:武宣县地处山岳平原之间,黔江流经县内金鸡、黄卯、二塘、三里、桐岭六乡,水运险恶、怪石林立,主要靠筐、篮、箕肩挑手提运送货物,直到1955年才有了运输板车。为了方便乡人、商人、学生到县中办事、贸易、学习,各乡村、家族集资在县城修建了17所会馆,当地人称其为“公馆”,免费供来县城的乡人、同宗居住。
根据考察所知:武宣县各乡17所会馆分有乡级会馆、村级会馆、同宗会馆三类,(一)乡级会馆有:大琳公馆在武宣县城小井街,由大琳乡人集资兴建;黄卯公馆在武宣县城小井街,由黄卯乡人集资兴建;妙皇公馆在武宣县城小井街,由妙皇乡人集资兴建;东乡公馆在武宣县城学宫街,由东乡人集资兴建;二塘公馆在武宣县城北街楼脚,由二塘乡人集资兴建;花马公馆在武宣县城西街,由花马乡人集资兴建;桐岭公馆在武宣县城北一街,由桐岭乡人集资兴建,共计7所会馆。
(二)村级会馆有:台村公馆在武宣县城小井街,由三里乡台村人集资兴建;台村公馆在武宣县城三里圩中股街,由三里乡台村人集资兴建,共计2所会馆。
(三)同宗会馆有:苏家公馆在武宣县城小井街,由旧县村苏家集资兴建;张家公馆在武宣县城小井街,由三里乡灵湖村张家集资兴建;武家公馆在武宣县城小井街,由二塘乡七星村武家集资兴建;钟家公馆在武宣县城小井街,由三里乡霞山村钟家集资兴建;陈家公馆在武宣县城南街一巷,由东乡禄库村陈家集资兴建;黄家公馆在武宣县城南街一巷,由居龙村黄家集资兴建;赵家公馆在武宣县城正东街,由二塘乡石考村赵家人集资兴建;梁家公馆在武宣县城东街,由东乡武兰梁家集资兴建,共计有8家会馆。
通过上述会馆调查,为我们会馆家族又多了一种新的会馆形式,而这种本籍会馆形式一般多设在交通不便的地区,在皖南我们也见到有乡级会馆的记载,这对我们研究会馆的多元化形式提供了重要的参考资料。
 

 

 



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贴出者为 Anonymous    贴出时间为 2007-02-12 18:27:18
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·珠宝文化与玉器行会馆探源
·会馆与殡仪文化
·客家文化与《扶风会馆》--作者:汤锦程
·会馆与殡仪文化


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· 新闻来源为 Anonymous


相关报道-- 会馆知识:
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· 会馆社团在英国华人中的团结作用 · 会馆与殡仪文化 · 会馆的本籍形式 · 以文补文活动中应注意的问题
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